The Power of Voice: Wi-Fi Smart Dimmer Teardown

Article By : Brian Dipert

Want to put "smart" lighting in your house? This smart dimmer combines a dual-microphone array and speaker, voice-command processing, and Bluetooth and Wi-Fi connectivity...

Want to put “smart” lighting in your house? Well, you could accomplish this objective by pairing a voice-activated Amazon Echo or Google/Nest Home smart appliance with a Belkin WeMo or equivalent switch. But then you’d be paying for two different widgets, and you wouldn’t be able to locally control any lights out of earshot of the appliance’s microphone, or have dimming control, only brute-force on/off facilities. If dimming is most important to you, you could go with a “smart” light bulb; only then you wouldn’t have voice control, and dimming capabilities would be restricted to a proprietary mobile app: not exactly the most user-friendly approach.

You could also use a product like the one showcased in this teardown: Leviton’s DWVAA-1BW Decora Smart Voice Dimmer, which is currently (as I write this) selling for $99.99 on Amazon.

Leviton DWVAA-1BW Decora Smart Voice Dimmer

The DWVAA-1BW, rated for dimmable CFL, incandescent, or LED illumination loads up to 300 W (neutral wire required), includes both a multi-microphone array and a speaker, and natively supports Amazon’s Alexa protocol (note: no separate Echo device required). Integrated Bluetooth and Wi-Fi facilities enable communication with Amazon’s servers for voice-input decode and response purposes, as well as support via an aforementioned Leviton-branded mobile app along with Google Assistant and other protocols via IFTTT (the “If This Then That” service).

Smart Voice Dimmer mobile app

Before proceeding with the dissection, I’ll begin with a series of pre-unboxing shots:

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer box front

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer box back

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer box

Open up the outer box and you’ll find two things: a paper “sleeve” containing three pieces of documentation, and an inner box containing (among other things) our patient:

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer documentation

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer contact info

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer inner box

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer unboxing

Extras first: there’s a wall plate, along with a set of three twist-on wire connectors:

wallplate and wire connectors

And now for the star of the show, with a United States penny (0.75 inches/19.05 mm in diameter) for size-comparison purposes:

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer with a penny for comparison

A few overview thoughts before proceeding; first off, the illumination “up” and “down” buttons are the largest and likely already intuitively obvious (that scratch on the “upper” one, by the way, came from the factory that way; a surprising quality-control faux pas by Leviton). Above them, at top center, is a self-illuminated “action” button that serves several purposes; initially activating Alexa for subsequent hands-free operation, as well as muting (and unmuting) the microphones.

Speaking of microphones, you’ll notice four holes, one in each corner of the face plate. Hold that thought for a moment. The speaker location is again likely already intuitively obvious per its “grill” at the bottom. And underneath it (not intuitively obvious) is another illumination source, which illuminates when ambient lights are off so you can find the dimmer in the dark, as well as providing connectivity and other device status feedback.

The two sides are relatively unmemorable; note, however, the multiple ventilation “fins” visible on both of them:

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer side views

And here’s the back, which becomes much more interesting after we move the three wires out of the way:

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer back

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer back exposed

Last but not least, here’s a peek at the top and bottom:

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer top and bottom views

Time to dive in. First off, remove those four screws whose heads were visible in the prior back-view photo, which ended up being surprisingly (at least to me) long:

screws with penny for comparison

Release the tabs shown in the two earlier side views, wriggle the two halves apart, and voila:

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer inside

Initial thoughts: note the plastic transparent light guide jutting out from beneath the speaker in the assemblage on the left. You might guess that it corresponds to an LED on the PCB “sandwich” on the right, and you’d be right (again, hold that thought). Also note the two interconnect harnesses between the PCBs on both sides: the speaker at bottom on the left is driven by circuitry on the right via red (positive) and black (negative, i.e., “ground”) wires, and a multi-contact male/female connector pair (labeled J1 on the PCB at right). That white plastic “tube” in the top left quadrant of the right-side PCB, by the way, serves no purpose that I can ascertain save for as a brace between the two PCBs to improve overall assemblage rigidity.

Next, a somewhat boring (unless you’re into passives, I suppose) closeup of the left side:

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer PCB passives

And the more interesting (at least to me) right side:

Leviton Smart Voice Dimmer PCB

Remember the earlier mentioned light guide? At the bottom of the lowest PCB in that right-side “sandwich” are two LEDs, labeled LD1 and LD2, to which it corresponds. And speaking of which, here it is all by itself (sitting on top of the worn leather case for my 30+ year old, still working HP-15C scientific calculator):

lightguide

Back to the left side. The speaker and PCB lift right out:

front enclosure

Specifically note the rubber gaskets around the two top “holes” leading to the outside (once again, hold that thought).

Here’s what the back of the speaker looks like in free space, clearly revealing the notch for the light guide to pass through:

speaker back

And here’s the more interesting transducer front side:

speaker front

Why interesting? Admittedly, it’s not terribly obvious from the photograph, so allow me to explain. The majority of the assembly around the speaker is hard plastic. But the leftmost portion (in the photograph) is rubberized material; two pieces of it, in fact, with an intermediary notch that the PCB fits through. It acts as a gasket (there’s that “hold that thought” again); also note the hole in the lowermost piece.

And now for the PCB that fits into that gasket:

PCB front top

Most of this we’ve already seen before, although the PCB extension that fits into the speaker is new. I’m guessing, by the way, that the Bluetooth and Wi-Fi antennas are embedded within this particular PCB (and communicate with the rest of the system via the aforementioned inter-PCB connector), both to put them upfront where transmission and reception capabilities would be most amenable and to isolate them from the noisy AC/DC and dimmer circuitry deeper in the switch as much as possible. Flip the PCB over and things get much more interesting:

PCB front bottom

First off there’s that rectangular silver IC labeled U2 in the center. Google has no idea what it is. The logo is reminiscent of that used by Micron Technology but not identical, so I don’t think that’s the supplier (and anyway, I can’t rationalize why there’d be a memory chip in this particular location). Conversely, the identities of the four front-panel switches (the two at top corresponding to the “action” button, with the associated LED in-between them, and the other two for “bright” and “dim” functions) are obvious.

And now we can finally talk about the previously mentioned four holes in the DWVAA-1BW front panel, along with their associated gaskets. There are two obvious (albeit unknown-supplier) MEMS microphones here, at position U7 in the upper right and U8 at lower left. The hole in the lower right of the DWVAA-1BW conversely seemingly serves no microphone-input function; I’m guessing it might instead act as a bass reflex port for the speaker. But what about the hole in the upper left of the DWVAA-1BW? Its location corresponds to the IC footprint labeled U6, but there’s not actually an IC there.

Here’s my theory: This is a classic two-microphone directional array configuration, intended to algorithmically cancel out common background noise, and a concept I first wrote about in EDN nearly two decades ago (I’m now feeling really old). I’m guessing that the extension to this PCB for U8 originally didn’t even exist; the initial design leveraged MEMS microphones at both U6 and U7 (recall that there’s a gasket present for both, too). Late in the design, I bet, the developers decided that there wasn’t sufficient separation between them for adequate “beam-forming” purposes, and moved the MEMS microphone at U6 to newly-created U8 instead.

Now back to the PCB assembly on the right in the earlier overview shot…

>> This article was originally published on our sister site, EDN Asia.

Leave a comment